Some Online Resources

A History from the Presocratic Period through the Period of Schools

This is an attempt to bring together the most important online resources for the study of the Ancient philosophy.

Ancient Greek Texts

Plato's dialogues were arranged in nine tetralogies by the grammarian Thrasyllus of Mendes in the reign of Tiberius (14 CE to 37 CE). Later the tetralogies appeared in two volumes, tetralogies I-VII and tetralogies VIII-IX. The manuscript authority for these volumes are different.

A is the oldest representative of the second volume of tetralogies. It dates to the 9th century CE and is now preserved in the Bibliothèque nationale de France (the national library of France, located in Paris).

August Immanuel Bekker (1785-1871) gave the siglum A to the manuscript. His Platonis Diologi (in eight volumes, 1816-1823) helped lay the foundation for the modern attempt to reconstruct what Plato wrote.

B is the oldest representative of the first volume of tetralogies. It was copied in 895 CE for Arethas of Patrea and is now preserved in the Bodleian Library (the main research library in the University of Oxford).

In 1801, E. D. Clarke purchased it from the monastery of St. John the Theologian (on Patmos in the Aegean) and sold it to the University.

Martin Schanz (1842-1914) gave it the siglum B. His unfinished edition of Plato's dialogues helped provide the basis for the Oxford Classical Text edition of Plato, which is the now standard critical edition.

The transmission of Plato and Aristotle to the West is complicated, but some of the main points are these. Greek philosophy was for the most part inaccessible to the Latin-speaking West. Boethius (475-526 CE) was born into the Roman aristocracy and so was taught Greek. He translated and commented on some of Aristotle. In the Italian Renaissance, before the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Petrarch (1305-1374) and others brought back manuscripts to Italy from the Byzantine Empire. Marsilio Ficino (1433–1499) translated Plato's works into Latin. English, German and French translations did not exist until the Nineteenth Century. Thomas Taylor published the The Works of Plato in English in 1804.
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
Attic Inscriptions Online (AIO)
Suda On Line: Byzantine Lexicography

Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker,
volume 1
volume 3

Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta,
Volume 1: Fragments of Zeno and his Followers
Volume 2: Logical and physical fragments of Chrysippus
Volume 3: Ethical fragments of Chrysippus
Volume 4: Indices of words, proper names and sources

Searchable Greek Inscriptions
Library of Ancient Texts Online

Parisinus gr. 1807 (A)
MS. E.D. Clarke 39 (B)

Stephanus' Plato edition from 1578, volume 1
Stephanus' Plato edition from 1578, volume 2
Stephanus' Plato edition from 1578, volume 3

Aristotelis Opera, Immanuelis Bekkeri

Platonis Opera, volume 1. John Burnet. Oxford Classical Texts
Platonis Opera, volume 2. John Burnet. Oxford Classical Texts
Platonis Opera, volume 3. John Burnet. Oxford Classical Texts
Platonis Opera, volume 4. John Burnet. Oxford Classical Texts

Translations in the Digital Humanities

Perseus Digital Library
Loeb Classical Library
MIT Classics Library

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

"Presocratic Philosophy," Patricia Curd
"Ancient Theories of Soul," Hendrik Lorenz

Michael Frede

Michael Frede—A Bibliography

Essays in Ancient Philosophy, Michael Frede

Michael Johannes Frede. 1940–2007, John Cooper
Michael Frede (1940–2007), Pavel Gregorić

Videos and Podcasts

video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 1
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 2
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 3
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 4
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 5

History of Philosophy without any gaps:
Podcast 64 - David Sedley on Stoicism
Podcast 74 - Anthony Long on the Self in Hellenistic Philosophy

Dictionaries and Lexicons

Oxford English Dictionary

A Greek-English Lexicon, Liddell and Scott
A Latin Dictionary, Lewis and Short
ΛΟΓΕΙΟΝ (λογεῖον, "a place for words")

A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect

Lexicon of Greek Personal Names

Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Greek and Latin Language

Greek Word Study Tool, Latin Word Study Tool
Ancient Greek Tutorials
Textkit. Greek and Latin Learning Tools
Ancient Greek Verb Conjugator
Ancient Greek Keyboard

Ancient Greek History

CLCV 205: Introduction to Ancient Greek History. Donald Kagan. Open Yale Courses

Academic Societies

Ancient Philosophy Society
Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy
International Plato Society


Professor Cohen's site was an early online presence in Ancient philosophy and the initial inspiration for the style I used in for my lecture notes. S. Marc Cohen's Philosophy 320
Athenian Agora Excavations
Classical Literature

Party advice from the ancient world

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